Author Guidelines

Before submitting your research to 1st Internatonal Conference of Good Governence and Legal Issues, the author should follow all the instructions needed by the Qalaai Zanist Journal. All these instructions are mentioned in the file below in three languages (Kurdish, Arabic, and English).

QZJ’s Instructions

  • Qalaai Zanist Journal has an Article Processing Charge (APC) of USD100 or IQ150,000.
  • The number of pages should be no more than 30 pages.
  • Qalaai Zanist Journal uses ithenticate for plagiarism checking, and the plagiarism should be less than 25%.
  • Ensure that the article follows the manuscript template strictly as given below

Also, the style of the referencing must be APA style, and below is the file that has all the instructions on how to write all the types of the resource using APA style:

APA Citation Format Guidelines

General Article Content Information

The types of published articles

  • Original papers
  • Review papers
  • Case studies
  • Perspective, opinion, and commentary
  • Editorial

Manuscript Style

Two types of manuscripts will be considered for publication, including review and original articles.

  1. Review articles
  • The topic must be current.
  • The composition is not defined, however, the following parts are required: Title page, Abstract (unstructured; 250 words maximum), Keywords, Introduction, and References (60 references maximum), Tables and Figures, if applicable, including titles and legends, and a Conflict-of-interest statement.
  1. Original articles

Manuscripts should be 1.15-line space with 0.5” margins on all sides of the page, in Calibri font for the English text, for Kurdish should be Noto Naskh Arabic UI and Arabic should be Arial. Repetitive use of long sentences and passive voice should be avoided. It is strongly recommended that the text be run through computer spelling and grammar programs.

Manuscript content

The manuscript should be divided into the following sections. Principal sections should be numbered consecutively (1. Introduction, 2. Materials, and methods, etc.) and subsections should be numbered 1.1., 1.2., etc. Do not number the Acknowledgements or References sections. The number of pages should not exceed 30 pages.

The manuscript should be compiled in the following order:

  1. Title page: should include the following
  • Title: The title should be brief, concise, and descriptive. It should not contain any literature references or compound numbers or non-standardized abbreviations.
  • Authors and affiliations: Supply given names, middle initials, and family names for complete identification. Use superscript lowercase letters to indicate different affiliations, which should be as detailed as possible and must include department, faculty/college, University, city, and country.
  1. Abstract

Each manuscript should contain an informative abstract of the main points (not more than 250 words). It should describe the research purposes or motivation for the manuscript; the main finding and central conclusions. On the abstract page, authors should include a list of four to six keywords.

  1. Introduction

This should argue the case for your study, outlining the only essential background, and should not include the findings or the conclusions. It should not be a review of the subject area but should finish with a clear statement of the question being addressed.

  1. Materials and methods

Explain clearly but concisely your technical and experimental procedures. Previously published papers related to the methods should be cited with appropriate references. Brand names and company locations should be supplied for all mentioned equipment, instruments, chemicals, etc.

Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (revised in 2008). When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

  1. Results

Findings must be described without comments. It must be presented in the form of text, tables and figures. The same data or information given in a table must not be repeated in a Figure and vice versa. It is not acceptable to repeat extensively the numbers from Tables in the text or to give lengthy explanations of Tables or Figures.

  1. Discussion

This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other scientists. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis mentioned in the manuscript is true, false or no conclusions can be derived.

  1. Conclusion

The main conclusion(s) of the study should be presented in a short conclusion statement that can stand alone and be linked with the goals of the study. State new hypotheses when warranted. Include recommendations when appropriate.

  1. References

References should be prepared strictly according to the Harvard style. All references in the text must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication.

You should cite publications in the text as (Adams, 2006) using the first-named author’s name or (Adams and Brown, 2006) citing both names of two, or (Adams et al., 2006), when there are three or more authors except when the author is mentioned, e.g” the study of Shena et al. (2015) was modified….”.

At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied: 

For books:

Author. Year. Title, Place Published, Publisher.

e.g. Harrow, R. 2005, No Place to Hide, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY. 

For book chapters 

Author. Year. Title. In: Editor (ed.)^(eds.) Book Title. Edition ed. Place Published: Publisher.

e.g. Calabrese, F.A. 2005, “The early pathways: theory to practice – a continuum”, in Stankosky, M. (Ed.), Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management, Elsevier, New York, NY, pp. 15-20.

For journal articles 

Author. Year. Title, Journal, Volume, Pages.

e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Ferguson, R. 2005. Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 22 (2), 72-80.

For thesis

Author. Year. Title. Degree Thesis Type, University.

e.g., Zubakova, R. 2007. Analysis of the mechanisms influencing the expression of blood pressure regulating systems. Ph.D. Dissertation, Heidelberg University

tables and figures:

All are illustrated in the template.